Wednesday, December 3, 2008


The modern method of coal mining in underground mines is the longwall system, which has been adopted all over the world because of its high output, high productivity, better safety and improved recovery achievable by this method।

t is proposed to replace the single motor (1x375 KW) drive sheares with twin motor (2x375 KW) drive shearers to enable the shearer to cut the face with desired ease for better machine utilization. Similarly the 4 x 360 tone chock shield supports are found to be inadequate to support the massive sand stone roofs and it is proposed to go in for higher support ranges of the order of about 750 tones. The study and recommendations of central mining research station, Dhanbad, also conforms to the proposed increase in the range of supports


A large number of the new mining areas projected in the perspective plan (like Chinnur,Bhoopalalpalli-Mulug,Srirampur) have gradients of seams varying between 1 and 2.5 to 1 in 3.5. longwall technology has not ,so far ,been attempted in the country at such steep gradients and SCCL, probably out of necessity, has had to take lead in this aspect

The technology for exploiting steep seams even of the order 1 in 1,by longwall method ,is available in countries like FRG and UK and with proper tie-ups in the initial stages, SCCL expects to implement longwall technology successfully in steep seams


Further, SCCL has formulated three projects with barrierless longwall mining which are in the process of being sanctioned by the government of India .it is proposed to implement this technology ,initially with the technical assistance from soviet experts. This technology will further increase the recovery from coal deposits by about 20 percent.


Extraction of seams thicker than four meters has always been a technical problem to the mining industry in the country as also to SCCL , which has an eight-to-ten meter thick coal seam all over its coalfields. Conventional board and pillar development and depillaring in two sections has widely been executed over the decades in the mines, but with poor recovery and risk to safety.

During the year 1980-81,SCCL looked for specialized technologies being used abroad for mechanized extraction of thick seams to obtain larger outputs with better recovery and safety from thick seams .a feasibility report was obtained from charbonnages de France (CdF) in 1984 for extracting eight-to-ten meter thick seams in GDK-10 incline by “blasting gallery technique”. This methods is currently on trail, under A to Z concepts with the technical assistance of CdF, and the results so far are encouraging . though the trail is undertaken in a virgin portion of the thick seam, the technology can be extended with little modifications for extracting thick seam working developed either in single or double section


SCCL has nearly 300 million tones of coal reserves standing on pillars. Such a huge inventory of standing coal pillrs has resulted due to

i) The upper seams became vendible and their development was taken up subsequently, locking up developed pillars in the bottom seams and

ii) Thick seams developed in the single section and final extraction delayed science there is no proper technology available to extract the complete thickness

Sunday, December 23, 2007

Job Oppurtanity

the 40 hours of training the federal government requires of new below-ground miners, then quickly landed a $1,000-a-week gig at a mine earlier this year in this southern Illinois outpost. He was content the schooling was enough to get you safely started.

The deaths of 12 men at West Virginia's Sago mine last year and the recent cave-in that swallowed up six more in Utah have the notoriously perilous line of work under fresh scrutiny. And the adequacy of training for new recruits at the nation's 600-plus underground coal mines is just one of the topics.

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

Risky fector

There is lot of risk factor involved in it and hence there is a term risk allowance
which is give to the employee.It varies from position to position and company policy.
Risk such as water seepage .There is a history of accidents due to water seepage.
water comes accidentally and fills certain area of mines without giving any chance to the person
to escape. Though if a person is lucky enough to find air pocket(Area where air get trapped
due to water) but that gives time (few hours or few days) for survival , but then again the
person must be fit to survive hunger and thirst.
Snakes, scorpion ,poisonous insects are there which you may not see as it is dark and the only source of light is your helmet light and the light tunnel path way light, but during digging and making new pathway only source of light is headlight .